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Occupational health

27 June 2013/Categories: Occupational Health

Occupational health and hygiene in maritime transport

Responsible Partners:
  • Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), Hamburg State Department for Health and Consumer Protection and University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany 
  • National Public Health Centre Klaipeda Department, Lithuania

The EU SHIPSAN ACT Joint Action partnership completed the following activities in response to the need for a risk assessment tool for occupational health focused on cargo ships:


a) A web-based risk assessment tool for occupational health risks per cargo ship type by using the EU-OSHA Online Interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) tool was developed. Click here to view the tool.

Collaboration was established with the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work and the Online Interactive Risk Assessment project (OiRA). A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and SHIPSAN ACT. The MoU provided the basis for the cooperation between EU-OSHA and the EU SHIPSAN ACT Joint Action for developing the web-based risk assessment tool for occupational health risks per cargo ship type by using the EU-OSHA Online Interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) tool http://www.oiraproject.eu/

b) Links were identified and promoted between port health and occupational health authorities. A suggested document (Model) for a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between competent authorities for hygiene inspections and port state control authorities on issues related to occupational health and ship inspections was prepared by the EU SHIPSAN ACT Joint Action partnership. The aim of this MoU is to promote collaboration between the competent authorities for ship inspections. The suggested MoU was disseminated to all 24 countries participating in the Joint Action, to the Paris MoU and to the European project AnNa (http://www.annamsw.eu/). Contact us if you want to receive the suggested MoU.

c) A report has been produced describing the public health risks of international concern according to cargo ship types. The report is available here.

d) A survey was conducted on the current status of implementation of ILO Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 where 15 out of 30 EU MS participated.

Links

OiRA project http://www.oiraproject.eu/
Online interactive risk assessment for the area of ships
https://client.oiraproject.eu/eu/maritime-transport/maritime-transport-1/@@login?came_from=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.oiraproject.eu%2Feu%2Fmaritime-transport%2Fmaritime-transport-1
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work https://osha.europa.eu/en?set_language=en
ILO http://www.ilo.org

Relevant material

Legislation

Directive 89/391/EEC - OSH "Framework Directive" on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work - "Framework Directive" 

DIRECTIVE 2009/13/EC implementing the Agreement concluded by the European Community Shipowners’ Associations (ECSA) and the European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF) on the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006, and amending Directive 1999/63/EC

ILO (2006) Maritime Labour Convention 

Scientific Articles, reports and other:

Borch,D.F., Hansen,H.L., Burr,H., and Jepsen,J.R. (2012) Surveillance of maritime deaths on board Danish merchant ships, 1986-2009. International maritime health 63: 7-16.

Budnik,L.T., Wegner,R., Rogall,U., and Baur,X. Accidental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in waste cargo after heavy seas. Global waste transport as a source of PCB exposure. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health . 2013.
Ref Type: In Press

European Commission – Directorate General of Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (2009) European Guide for Risk Prevention in small fishing vessels

Frantzeskou,E., Kastania,A.N., Riza,E., Jensen,O.C., and Linos,A. (2012) Risk factors for fishermen's health and safety in Greece. International maritime health 63: 155-161.

Grappasonni,I., Paci,P., Mazzucchi,F., De Longis,S., and Amenta,F. (2012) Awareness of health risks at the workplace and of risks of contracting communicable diseases including those related to food hygiene, among seafarers. International maritime health 63: 24-31.

Hansen,H.L. (1996) Surveillance of deaths on board Danish merchant ships, 1986-93: Implications for prevention. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 53: 269-275.

Oldenburg,M., Baur,X., and Schlaich,C. (2010) Occupational risks and challenges of seafaring. Journal of Occupational Health 52: 249-256.

Rodriguez,J.L. and Formoso,J.A.L. (2007) Work-related accidents in the maritime transport sector. Journal of Navigation 60: 303-313.

Rodriguez,J.L., Portela,R.M., and Carrera,P.V. (2011) Legal gaps relating to labour safety and health in the maritime transport sector in Spain. International maritime health 62: 91-97.

Rodriguez,J.L., Portela,R.M., and Pardo,G.M. (2012) International regulations on labour health and safety applied to fishing and maritime transport sectors. Are maritime workers under-protected. International maritime health 63: 117-124.

Salyga,J. and Ku+κleikaite,M. (2011) Factors influencing psychoemotional strain and fatigue, and relationship of these factors with health complaints at sea among Lithuanian seafarers. Medicina 47: 675-681.

Number of views (14801)

  • Click here to register and use the web-based risk assessment tool for occupational health risks per cargo ship type by using the EU-OSHA Online Interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) tool. 


  • Contact us if you interested to receive the suggested document (Model) for a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between competent authorities for hygiene inspections and port state control authorities on issues related to occupational health and ship inspections.
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